China manufacturing unexpectedly shrinks, services offer support

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Staff work on the manufacturing line of American toddler product and toy producer Youngsters II Inc. at a manufacturing unit in Jiujiang, Jiangxi province, China June 22, 2021. REUTERS/Gabriel Crossley

  • Sept official manufacturing PMI at 49.6 vs 50.1 in Aug
  • Sept official companies PMI at 53.2 vs 47.5 in Aug
  • Sept official composite PMI at 51.7 vs 48.9 in Aug

BEIJING, Sept 30 (Reuters) – China’s manufacturing unit exercise unexpectedly shrank in September as a consequence of wider curbs on electrical energy use and elevated enter costs, whereas companies returned to growth as COVID-19 outbreaks receded, providing some reduction to the world’s second-biggest economic system.

The official manufacturing Buying Supervisor’s Index (PMI) was at 49.6 in September versus 50.1 in August, information from the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics (NBS) confirmed on Thursday, slipping into contraction for the primary time since February 2020.

Analysts in a Reuters ballot had anticipated the index to stay regular at 50.1, unchanged from the earlier month. The 50-point mark separates progress from contraction.

China’s economic system quickly recovered from a pandemic-induced stoop final yr, however momentum has weakened in current months, with its sprawling manufacturing sector hit by rising prices, manufacturing bottlenecks and electrical energy rationing.

Rising COVID-19 instances in tens of cities over the summer time additionally disrupted the manufacturing and the companies sectors, although the latter is beginning to bounce again because the outbreaks receded.

A sub-index for manufacturing unit output contracted in September for the primary time since February final yr, dragged down by a pullback in high-energy consuming industries, akin to plantsthat course of metalsand oil merchandise. The gauge stood at 49.6 versus 50.1 a month earlier.

“In September, as a consequence of components akin to low volumes of enterprise at excessive energy-consuming industries, the manufacturing PMI fell beneath the essential level,” stated Zhao Qinghe, a senior NBS statistician, in an accompanying assertion.

“The 2 indexes of excessive energy-consuming industries …are each decrease than 45.0, indicating a big drop in provide and demand.”


The sudden contraction in manufacturing unit exercise will additional weigh on an economic system already hit by curbs on its property and tech sectors and dealing with many progress downgrades by private-sector economists.

Different economies in Asia are additionally grappling with manufacturing points as a consequence of provide chain disruptions, with information on Thursday exhibiting Japan’s industrial output falling for a second straight month in August.

“(Chinese language) financial progress in This autumn will possible gradual additional with no change of presidency insurance policies, and the tempo of slowdown could decide up,” stated Zhiwei Zhang, Shenzhen-based chief economist at Pinpoint Asset Administration, after the PMI information was launched.

“The massive query is whether or not the federal government’s financial and monetary insurance policies will turn out to be extra supportive now or if the federal government will wait until the year-end to vary the insurance policies.”

The central financial institution final eased its necessities on how a lot money banks ought to maintain in mid-July, simply earlier than a surge in home COVID-19 instances.

The Individuals’s Financial institution of China (PBOC) has left its benchmark lending fee for company and family loans unchanged for the seventeenth month in September.


A scarcity of coal, more durable emissions requirements and robust demand from producers and trade pushed coal costs to document highs and triggered widespread curbs on electrical energy utilization in at the least 20 provinces and areas.

Larger uncooked materials costs, particularly of metals and semiconductors, have additionally pressured income of producers. Earnings at China’s industrial corporations in August slowed for the sixth straight month.

A sub-index for uncooked materials prices rose to 63.5 in September from 61.3 a month earlier, whereas a gauge of recent orders got here in at 49.3 in contrast with 49.6 in August, shrinking for the second straight month.

A sub-index for employment remained in contraction, at 47.8 versus 47.0 a month earlier.

A separate non-public survey additionally launched on Thursday that focuses on small and export-oriented companies confirmed that manufacturing unit exercise in September neither expanded nor contracted.

On a extra sanguine observe, the official non-manufacturing PMI in September was at 53.2, bouncing again from 47.5 in August, information from the NBS confirmed, as COVID-19 outbreaks receded after rising throughout the summer time months.

Final month, COVID-19-related restrictions drove companies sector exercise into sharp contraction for the primary time for the reason that top of the pandemic final yr.

The official September composite PMI, which incorporates each manufacturing and companies exercise, stood at 51.7 versus 48.9 in August.

Reporting by Ryan Woo and Gabriel Crossley; Modifying by Tom Hogue and Ana Nicolaci da Costa


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